What Causes Myopia and Is It Treatable?

What Causes Myopia and Is It Treatable?

Mar 01, 2021

Do you have difficulties seeing objects at a distance but seeing them clearly when they are near you? You might be living with nearsightedness. Nearsightedness is an eye problem that affects a significant number of people.

According to statistics, one out of four parents have children with nearsightedness. However, there are different degrees of nearsightedness. Therefore, myopia might go unnoticed until it has progressed.

To prevent the progression of the eye condition, your optometrist will recommend eye exams. During the comprehensive or regular eye exams, the eye doctor might notice signs of nearsightedness. In such a case, the eye doctor will recommend corrective treatments, preventing the progression of myopia.

Myopia Causes

If a child has signs of nearsightedness, it is likely the parents had the condition. Therefore, myopia can be hereditary. However, environmental factors might be the cause of myopia.

You might have inherited myopic abilities, and your habits trigger them to develop. Such habits include reading with your book close to your eyes.

Signs of myopia appear during childhood. Typically, the signs of nearsightedness level off. However, the signs of myopia might worsen with time due to refractive error.

What Is Refractive Error?

The shape of your eyeball might disrupt the focus of light on your retina. Your cornea and lenses work hand in hand to bend light to your corneas. Therefore, if your cornea, lens, or eyeball are not in the right shape, you might experience a refractive error. In such a case, the light will bend away from the retina.

If you have myopia, your eyeball might be too long from the front to the back. When you have such a disorder, the light will focus in front of the retina, making things at a distance look fuzzy.

What Are the Signs of Myopia?

If you are myopic, you might notice the following signs:

  • Objects that are far from you might look fuzzy or blurry
  • Item close to you appear to be clear
  • Squinting
  • Eyestrain
  • Headaches due to eye strain
  • Tiredness when carrying out your routine activities or playings sports

The above signs might cause the following:

  • Poor performance in school and sports
  • A short span of attention
  • You might be compelled to hold objects close to your eyes

Most myopic cases are mild are treatable by using lenses or glasses. However, some types of myopia might be severe. Such types of myopia include:

High Myopia

High myopia is inherited. The eye condition develops when your child’s eyeballs are longer than usual. Also, the vision problem might be a result of a steep cornea. This kind of myopia has a refractive error of more than -6. To treat the condition, your  Optometrist in Mississauga might recommend contact lenses, glasses, or refractive surgery.

Degenerative Myopia

Degenerative myopia is a rare type of nearsightedness that develops during childhood. As the condition progresses, you might be at risk of developing legal blindness. Therefore, you should consider visiting an optometrist for check-ups, preventing the progression.

Myopia Diagnosis and Treatment

When you have signs of myopia in Mississauga, ON, you can visit the optometrist near your location. Your optometrist can diagnose myopia during a regular eye exam. Most of the time, eye doctors diagnose myopia during childhood. However, the eye doctor might recommend eye exams if you have a history of diabetes.

To treat nearsightedness, your eye doctor might recommend the following treatments:

  • Eyeglasses. Most of the time, your eye doctor might recommend eyeglasses to correct nearsightedness. However, you will wear your eyeglasses depending on the degree of nearsightedness. Therefore, you can wear glasses all the time or when you need to look at something that is far
  • Contact lenses. To correct myopia, your optometrist might recommend contact lenses. The contact lenses will correct the refractive error. Therefore, you can see objects clearly from a distance.
  • Corneal refractive lenses. If you have mild myopia, you might be a candidate for temporary corneal refractive lenses. Your optometrist might recommend you wear the lenses to reshape the cornea.
  • Vision therapy. Since myopia might be a result of spasms of the focusing muscles our eyed doctor at Complete Eyecare might recommend vision therapy. Vision therapy helps to train the movement and focus of your eyes, reducing the intensity of myopia.
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