All You Need To Know About Wet Macular Degeneration

All You Need To Know About Wet Macular Degeneration

Nov 09, 2021

The eyes are our organ of sight without which we cannot see anything.  They collect light from the visible world around us and convert it into nerve impulses. The optic nerve then transmits these signals to the brain, which forms an image so thereby providing sight. The eyes provide us with vision, the ability to receive visual details, process them, and enable photo response functions. The eyes also help to improve brain function.

However, the eyes like every other organ of the body are vulnerable and prone to wear and tear. With the consistent use of the eyes, conditions may arise in which the eyes would not be able to perform their functions as efficiently as they ought or used to. These conditions may arise as a result of improper care or abuse of the eyes, accidents, or advancement in age. This may suddenly lead to low vision or total loss of vision.

A good example of such conditions that may arise and reduce the eyes’ ability to carry out their functions or cause total loss of vision is wet macular degeneration.

Wet macular degeneration is a chronic eye disease that leaves you with blurred vision or a blind spot in your visual field. Wet macular degeneration is one of the two types of age-related macular degeneration in Mississauga, ON with the other being dry macular degeneration. Dry macular degeneration is more common but is less severe.

The wet form of the age-related macular disorder can start suddenly without warning. It is also so painless that the only way you would know that anything is wrong is when you start noticing problems with your eyesight. However, early detection of wet macular degeneration can help reduce vision loss and even recover vision totally in some cases.

Symptoms Of Wet Macular Degeneration

Wet macular degeneration symptoms seem to appear suddenly and worsen quickly because it is not so noticeable until it degenerates into something severe. Symptoms of the wet macular disorder may include:

  • Inability to read or do close-up work without a brighter light.
  • Increased blurriness of printed words.
  • Difficulty adapting or adjusting to low light levels.
  • Reduced central vision in one or both eyes.
  • Difficulty recognizing faces.
  • Visual distortions. For example, straight lines appearing bent.
  • The sizes and color of objects may vary when looking at them with an unaffected eye.

Immediately you notice these symptoms, you should contact an optometrist near you for diagnosis and begin treatment immediately if need be. Macular degeneration does not affect the peripheral vision, therefore, the chances of being blind from macular degeneration are low and rare.

Causes Of Wet Macular Degeneration

The exact cause of wet macular degeneration cannot be pinpointed. However, it has been discovered that people who have had dry macular degeneration end up with wet macular degeneration disorder. The few known causes of wet macular degeneration include:

  • Loss of vision is caused by the buildup of fluid at the back of the eye. Fluids leaking from the choroid can collect within the layers of the retina and cause a bump in the macula, leading to vision loss or distortion.
  • Loss of vision caused by abnormal blood vessel growth. Some abnormal new blood vessels might grow from under the choroid into the macular. These abnormal blood vessels might leak blood or fluid, thereby interfering with the retina’s function.

Factors that may increase your risk of macular degeneration include:

  • Age – Macular degeneration is most common in people over the age of 55.
  • Obesity – Being obese increases your chances of developing severe forms of macular degeneration according to research.
  • Family history and genetics – Your genes account for a lot of things in your life. Macular degeneration has a hereditary component.
  • Smoking – Frequent exposure to smoke or smoking significantly increased your risk of macular degeneration.
  • Cardiovascular diseases – Diseases that affect your heart and blood put you at risk of macular degeneration

Early detection and treatment of wet macular degeneration increase your chances of stopping and even reversing vision loss. Therefore, seek help at the Mississauga eye care clinic at the slightest sign of macular degeneration.

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